HS CRP C-reactive protein (CRP) is a protein that the liver makes when there is inflammation in the body. It's also called a marker of inflammation, and can be measured with an hs-CRP (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein) test, sometimes also called a CRP test. Inflammation is a way for the body to protect itself from injuries or infections, and inflammation can be caused by smoking, high blood pressure, and high blood sugar. Excessive inflammation has been linked to heart disease.
The Lp (a) test can be used by your doctor to measure the levels of Lp (a) in your bloodstream. Information from this test can be used to determine your risk for developing heart disease. Typically, your doctor will routinely test for total cholesterol levels, LDL, HDL (high-density lipoprotein), and triglycerides. If you have a family history of heart disease, heart attacks, heart problems, or your high cholesterol or LDL levels do not respond to treatment, he or she may perform an Lp (a) test to get more information about your health.
NMR Lipoprofile Level
This blood test uses nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to evaluate and count the number of low-density cholesterol, high-density and very low-density lipoprotein particles in the blood sample. It is considered a more sophisticated test than traditional LDL and HDL cholesterol tests.
The first stages of cholesterol build up in the blood vessels (vascular disease) occur when LDL particles circulating in the blood penetrate through the inner lining of blood vessels and become trapped in the artery wall. Eventual build up of LDL, fat-filled cells, cells of inflammation, and blood clotting can block the normal blood flow in the coronary arteries. When arteries become blocked, it stops the flow of nutrients and oxygen to the heart muscle leading to heart attack. Lowering LDL cholesterol is the primary focus in preventing vascular disease and heart attacks.
Improper metabolism of lipids in the blood (dyslipidemia) is also associated with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome, and is present in most people who are obese.
A homocysteine blood test is done to:
- Help identify vitamin B12 deficiency or folic acid deficiency. But other tests for these deficiencies are available.
- Help identify a rare inherited disease (homocystinuria) that causes a deficiency of one of several enzymes needed to convert food to energy.
- Help determine a cause for otherwise unexplained blood clots
A lipid panel is a blood test that measures lipids-fats and fatty substances used as a source of energy by your body. Lipids include cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
- This panel measures.
- Total cholesterol level.
- Triglyceride level.
- HDL cholesterol level. This is the "good" cholesterol.
- LDL cholesterol level. This is the "bad" cholesterol.
Other measurements that may be done for alipid panel include:
- Very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol level.
- The ratio of total cholesterol to HDL.
- The ratio of LDL to HDL.
Lipids are found in your blood and are stored in tissues. They are an important part of cells, and they help keep your body working normally. Lipid disorders, such as high cholesterol, may lead to life-threatening illnesses, such as coronary artery disease (CAD), heart attack, or stroke.
Your doctor may order a lipid panel as part of a regular health examination. Your doctor may use the results of this test to prevent, check on, or diagnose a medical condition.
You usually need to avoid eating for 10 to 12 hours before you have this blood test. You may drink water and take medicines your doctor prescribed during this time. But avoid drinking liquids other than water.
If your doctor finds a lipid disorder, treatment may be started to help lower your blood lipid levels. Your treatment could include medicines, diet changes, weight loss, and exercise.