A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that sit above the kidneys. Known as the "stress hormone," cortisol makes blood pressure and blood sugar levels rise. Chronic elevated blood pressure can increase an individual's risk for heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity. Effectively managing stress may also help keep cortisol levels down and protect the immune system. Cortisol plays an important role in helping the body release insulin, maintain glucose levels and keep the immune system healthy.
Insulin Free and Total
Insulin is found in your body in many forms. Bound insulin is attached to other proteins. This often occurs in people with diabetes who are treated with insulin. Free insulin is not attached to other proteins. Total insulin measures both free and bound insulin.
A steroid hormone, produced mainly in the ovaries, that stimulates estrus and the development of female secondary sexual characteristics
Progesterone is a hormone produced in the body which helps to regulate the menstrual cycle of women. Men also produce a small amount of this hormone, but it is less important to sexual maturity in men than is testosterone. This test is performed to measure the amount of progesterone is being produced in the body.
A testosterone test checks the level of this male hormone (androgen) in the blood.Testosterone affects sexual features and development. In men, it is made in large amounts by the testicles. In both men and women, testosterone is made in small amounts by the adrenal glands; and, in women, by the ovaries.
DHEAS Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate tests the function of your adrenal gland.
The hemoglobin A1c test -- also called HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin test, or glycohemoglobin -- is an important blood test used to determine how well your diabetes is being controlled. Hemoglobin A1c provides an average of your blood sugar control over a six to 12 week period and is used in conjunction with home blood sugar monitoring to make adjustments in your diabetes medicines.
Hemoglobin is a substance within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body. When your diabetes is not controlled (meaning that your blood sugar is too high), sugar builds up in your blood and combines with your hemoglobin, becoming "glycated." Therefore, the average amount of sugar in your blood can be determined by measuring a hemoglobin A1c level. If your glucose levels have been high over recent weeks, your hemoglobin A1c test will be higher. The amount of hemoglobin A1c will reflect the last several weeks of blood sugar levels, typically encompassing a period of 120 days.